El Mercat de Sant Antoni, or the Market of Sant Antoni, was originally an open-air market located in the southern access of the walled city of Barcelona, specifically in the portal of Sant Antoni, more than a hundred years ago.
The location was favorable to trade because it was a transit area for those who left or arrived. With the projects of expansion of the city and the demolition of the walls, Ildefons Cerdà proposed the construction of a structure to guarantee the permanence of the market and improve the supply of the entire city of Barcelona that did not have enough with the markets within the walls.
In this way the architect Antoni Rovira i Trias was proposed the projection of the San Antonio Market facilities. This project was framed in the development of the Cerdà Plan and involved the creation of the first market on the outskirts of the city. Construction began in 1879 and ended in September 1882, inaugurated by the then mayor Rius i Taulet.
For more than a century, the market was a place to find fresh produce until 2009 when the entire building was shut down for a complete overhaul. During the reconstruction of the building and excavating for a new foundation, many archaeological remains of the Via Augusta Romana and the necropolis were discovered, as well as the remains of the bastion of San Antonio.
You can watch a video about the history of the market here.
The market was reopened its doors to the public again in 2018 after years of delays. Today, the market has shops were you can find a large variety of fresh meat, seafood, fruits, vegetables and other types of food.